Climate Change and the Argan Forest

Climate Change and the Argan Forest


Most of us are aware that climate change is occurring, but what is climate change really?

Climate can be explained as the “expected weather”, such as the snow during winter in Canada or sunshine during summer in Spain. Climate change happens when there are drastic changes in the expected weather[1]. There has been an increase in extreme weather such as droughts, floods and hurricanes and more in recent years, and it is creating more damage than ever before. If climate change is not dealt with on a global basis, the consequences will be very negative for agriculture, global water supply, marine ecosystems as well as sea level rise. This may lead to a larger amount of people becoming climate refugees[2].

Tress are important elements in reversing climate change. Trees and plants take up carbon (CO2) through the photosynthesis, cleaning the air from greenhouse gasses. Trees also provide shade for flora and fauna that need the shade in order to survive. The documentary; “The Green Belt Movement”[3], shows women recreating their surrounding landscape by planting trees along a dried up river. The women’s effort to plant trees brought back moisture to the soil, that lead to new life and a new chance for the local inhabitants.

The Argan forest is found in the dry lowlands of southwestern Morocco. The Argan tree is slow growing and is particularly fragile to climate change. The Argan forest was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve [4] in 1998. However, the Argan forest is in critical shape due to drought, changes in the land use and overgrazing. As mentioned: Argan is a slow growing tree, taking unto 15 years to mature and produce fruits. However, it is extremely resistant and can live up to 150 years. The trees’ long roots make it possible to survive long periods without rain. Some of the benefits of the Argan tree are that it stabilizes the soil, reduce erosion and maintain moisture in the air.

At Argan Care we focus on biodiversity, improving and respecting livelihood in the rural communities we work in. Our goal is to improve the rural communities not only from a socio-economic perspective, but most definitely in an environmentally sustainable way that make the socio-economic developments possible. Engaging the locals in long-term solutions for the short-term problems has proven to be very successful so far and we keep asking for donation to continue our efforts. 

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[1] viewed 07.09.2017, Enviropedia

[2] viewed 07.06.2017 Green Belt Movement, Kenya

[3] Green Belt Movement Kenya

[4] viewed 09.09.2017 Wikipedia

[5] 10.09.2017